Verbs ...

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Verbs ...  Empty Verbs ...

Post by Kangas on Tue Feb 19, 2013 2:38 pm

Verbs are very important words. They describe a certain action (walk, read, talk, run, climb) or a state (be, have).

I used Australian Curriculum as a reference for this study.

  • Verbs
    Verbs are essential to the structure of a clause. Usually every clause has a verb, however some clauses don't. In certain types of ellipsis the verb is omitted. Example: Sarah lives in the Gold Coast, Albert in Sydney.

    1. Tenses
      Usually all verb have a contrasting present and past tense forms. Some of these are signalled by inflections such as 's' (present tense, 3rd person) or 'ed' (past tense).
      Examples: walk/walks, dance/dances, think/thinks (present tense); walked, danced, thought (past tense)

    2. Regular and Irregular verbs
      The past tense of a regular verb is usually formed with -ed.
      Examples: Walked, died, looked

      Irregular vebs have different forms to signal a change of tense.
      Examples: Thought, spoke, laugh, learnt

      NOTE: In American English some irregular verbs are regular.
      Example: Learned/learnt

    3. Auxiliary and Modal verbs
      Auxiliary verbs precede the main verb and they "help" defining the main verb.
      Example: She has set a plan for the meeting.

      Modal verbs also preceed the main verbs and express a degree or probability or obligation.
      Examples: I might go to the library this afternoon.
      You must do your homework.



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